The platysma is a thin flat muscle located on the anterolateral part of the neck.
It begins below the collarbone on the superficial lamina of the thoracic fascia, extends upward, and occupies almost the entire anterior-lateral neck area. Depressor muscles are interwoven with the platysma muscle, lower lip, and the corner of the mouth.
The task of platysma is to prevent the saphenous veins from being squeezed and facilitate the subcutaneous blood circulation in the neck.
The platysma muscle itself is not connected to the bone structure and loses elasticity. The adipose (fat) tissue is almost absent on the neck, the lack of sebaceous glands causes platysma dryness, and blood circulates the neck more slowly. This is the reason for the rapid dehydration. As I have already said, in previous posts, if there is no movement of fluids, especially blood “miracle cocktail,” it causes rapid aging of the tissues. The connection between platysma and skin is dense; it is like one structure and grows old simultaneously.
In the same way, over time, platysma weakens and delays to the bottom. As a result, the second chin pocket appears. A feeling that the face “swam,” suspensions, chords, folds in the neck, “rings of Venus,” and the so-called “turkey neck."
The platysma is responsible for age-related changes:
⛔️ Loss of chin skin tone and sagging
⛔️ Deep transverse folds
⛔️ Wrinkling neck
⛔️ Formation of longitudinal cords and so on.
For many of us, the neck is in tension, sinks into the shoulders, excess skin is laid in the folds, and it lacks support on the neck.
How to deal with age-related changes caused by platysma? To adjust the condition of the neck, you need to pay attention to:
Posture, the state of the upper chest, affects the tension in the platysma and loses elasticity. An anguish fascial sticking is formed, and congestion occurs in the tissues of the neck (blood supply and lymphatic drainage deteriorates). Pay attention to your face gestures: if you very often express negative and disgust on your face, i.e., lowering the corners of the mouth, it adversely affects the state of the platysma muscle of the neck. Places interweaving platysma coincide with the attachment of the muscles of the depressors.
Another critical point in maintaining a good state of platysma is to avoid over-facial impressions, for example, during training / intense physical exertion. Watch yourself in the mirror and if you notice that the neck muscles are too tight, take a break and relax. It is essential to stretch the neck, put the neck in place, relax the muscles, fill with blood and tidy the muscles of the chin. Be sure to monitor posture and facial expressions in the correct position of the head. Do self-neckline massage and vacuum massage.